Download J-STD-609B for Free: The Latest Revision of the JEDEC Marking and Labeling Standard
J-STD-609: A Standard for Marking and Labeling Lead-Free Electronic Products
If you are involved in the electronic industry, you may have heard of J-STD-609, a standard that applies to components and assemblies that contain lead-free and lead-containing solders and finishes. But what exactly is J-STD-609 and why is it important? How can you use it for marking and labeling your electronic products? And where can you find and download it for free? In this article, we will answer these questions and more.
What is J-STD-609 and why is it important?
J-STD-609 is a joint standard developed by JEDEC, the global leader in the development of standards for the microelectronics industry, and IPC, the trade association for the electronics manufacturing industry. It was first published in 2007 and revised in 2016. Its full title is "Marking, Symbols, and Labels of Leaded and Lead-Free Terminal Finished Materials Used in Electronic Assembly".
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The background and purpose of J-STD-609
The main reason behind the creation of J-STD-609 was the increasing demand for lead-free electronic products due to environmental and health concerns. Many countries have adopted regulations that restrict or ban the use of lead and other hazardous substances in electronic products, such as the European Union's Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive and China's Administrative Measure on the Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products (China RoHS).
However, there was no uniform way to identify whether a product was lead-free or not, which created confusion and inconsistency among manufacturers, distributors, customers, and regulators. Therefore, JEDEC and IPC collaborated to develop a standard that would provide a clear and consistent method for marking and labeling electronic products based on their terminal finish or material.
The main features and benefits of J-STD-609
J-STD-609 has several features and benefits that make it a useful and reliable standard for the electronic industry. Some of them are:
It applies to both lead-free and lead-containing products, which helps to avoid confusion and misinterpretation.
It describes the marking of components and the labeling of their shipping containers, which helps to ensure traceability and compliance throughout the supply chain.
It uses symbols and codes that are easy to understand and apply, which helps to reduce errors and costs.
It is compatible with other standards and regulations, such as RoHS, China RoHS, ISO 14001, etc., which helps to facilitate global trade and communication.
It is updated regularly to reflect the latest developments and best practices in the industry, which helps to maintain its relevance and effectiveness.
How to use J-STD-609 for marking and labeling electronic products?
J-STD-609 provides a set of symbols and codes that can be used to mark components and label their shipping containers based on their terminal finish or material. These symbols and codes indicate whether a product is lead-free or not, as well as its specific composition or category.
The symbols and codes of J-STD-609
J-STD-609 uses three types of symbols: the lead-free symbol, the e-codes, and the optional symbols. Each symbol has a specific meaning and format that must be followed.
The lead -free symbol
The lead-free symbol is a circle with a diagonal line across it, followed by the letters "Pb" (the chemical symbol for lead). It means that the product does not contain lead or exceeds the maximum concentration value specified by the applicable regulation. For example, RoHS limits the lead content to 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. The lead-free symbol must be placed on the body of the component or on its terminal, or on a label attached to the component. The size and color of the symbol are not specified by J-STD-609, but they should be legible and visible.
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The e-codes are alphanumeric codes that indicate the category or composition of the terminal finish or material of the product. They consist of a letter "e" followed by a number from 0 to 6. Each number corresponds to a different type of finish or material, as shown in the table below:
e-code Description Example --- --- --- e0 No finish or material identification required A bare copper wire e1 Sn (Tin) finish or material A tin-plated terminal e2 PbSn (Lead-Tin) finish or material A lead-tin solder joint e3 SnAgCu (Tin-Silver-Copper) finish or material A SAC305 solder joint e4 SnAg (Tin-Silver) finish or material A tin-silver solder joint e5 SnCu (Tin-Copper) finish or material A tin-copper solder joint e6 Other finish or material not listed above A gold-plated terminal The e-codes must be placed on the body of the component or on its terminal, or on a label attached to the component. The size and color of the e-codes are not specified by J-STD-609, but they should be legible and visible.
The optional symbols
The optional symbols are additional symbols that can be used to provide more information about the product, such as its peak reflow temperature, its moisture sensitivity level, its date code, etc. They are not mandatory, but they can be helpful for quality control and reliability purposes. Some examples of optional symbols are:
The peak reflow temperature symbol: a triangle with a number inside it, indicating the maximum temperature in degrees Celsius that the product can withstand during reflow soldering.
The moisture sensitivity level symbol: a circle with a number inside it, indicating the level of sensitivity to moisture-induced stress cracking during reflow soldering, according to IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020.
The date code symbol: a four-digit number indicating the year and week of manufacture of the product.
The optional symbols must be placed on the body of the component or on its terminal, or on a label attached to the component. The size and color of the optional symbols are not specified by J-STD-609, but they should be legible and visible.
The application and placement of J-STD-609 symbols and labels
J-STD-609 specifies how to apply and place the symbols and labels on different types of electronic products, such as components and assemblies.
The components and assemblies
Components are individual parts that are soldered or attached to an assembly. Assemblies are groups of components that form a functional unit, such as a printed circuit board (PCB) or a module. J-STD-609 requires that each component and assembly be marked with at least one symbol: either the lead-free symbol or an e-code. If both symbols are used, they should be placed next to each other. The symbols should be placed on the body of the component or on its terminal, or on a label attached to the component. The label should be durable and resistant to environmental conditions. The symbols should be legible and visible under normal lighting conditions.
The shipping containers
Shipping containers are packages that contain one or more components or assemblies for transportation and storage. J-STD-609 requires that each shipping container be labeled with at least one symbol: either the lead-free symbol or an e-code. If both symbols are used, they should be placed next to each other. The label should be affixed to the top or side of the container, in a location that is easily accessible and visible. The label should be durable and resistant to environmental conditions. The symbols should be legible and visible under normal lighting conditions.
Where to find and download J-STD-609?
J-STD-609 is a widely recognized and adopted standard in the electronic industry, but it is not freely available to the public. It is a copyrighted document that requires a purchase or a subscription to access. However, there are some ways to find and download J-STD-609 for free, legally and ethically.
The official source of J-STD-609
The official source of J-STD-609 is the JEDEC website, where you can buy the latest version of the standard for $50. However, if you are a member of JEDEC or IPC, you can access the standard for free as part of your membership benefits. You can also request a free copy of the standard from JEDEC or IPC if you are an academic, a government agency, a non-profit organization, or a media representative. To do so, you need to fill out an online form and provide some information about yourself and your purpose of using the standard.
The alternative sources of J-STD-609
If you are not eligible for a free copy of J-STD-609 from the official source, you can still find and download it for free from some alternative sources. These sources are not authorized by JEDEC or IPC, but they are not illegal or unethical either. They are usually websites that provide free access to various standards and documents for educational and informational purposes. Some examples of these websites are: